Biology and Breeding of Crucifers

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For example, crop plants within the family Solanaceae, such as eggplant, pepper and potato, have wild relatives that have been utilized for crop improvement and will benefit from incorporation of genome scale information into breeding efforts. Approaches to and applications of Solanaceous plant genomes.

Efficient breeding, structural and functional genomics and system biology approaches will promote rapid varietal improvement, domestication studies and functional analysis of genes. With the recently decoded tomato and potato genomes both belonging to the family Solanaceae , plant biologists have just started to explore the genome sequences of Euasterids for both applied and basic research [ 6 , 7 ].

To promote large-scale genomic studies in Euasterids, more species belonging to this group need to be sequenced to match the plethora of sequence information from Eurosids. The family Solanaceae itself has many other plants of economic importance, such as eggplant, pepper, tobacco, petunia, and so on. Furthermore, Euasterids include numerous other plants of economic importance: the beverage-producing plants tea and coffee; oil-producing plants such as sunflower, safflower and olive; vegetable plants like carrot, parsley, lettuce and so on; and aromatic plants like mint, basil, rosemary and so on.

Genome sequencing of a number of these species is already in progress Table 1. Genome information for these plants will not only help to enhance the economic value of these crops but also answer specific questions related to their basic development and the regulation of secondary metabolism in these species. Orobanchaceae, the largest family of parasitic flowering plants, also belongs to the Euasetrids. Deciphering the genomes of parasitic plants such as Striga and their close relatives will help in saving millions of hectares of crop plants worldwide from destruction by these parasites.

Moreover, availability of genome sequences from Euasterids and basal eudicot for example, Columbine; Figure 1 , along with the numerous sequenced Eurosid genomes, will promote large-scale evolutionary and biodiversity studies across all the flowering plants.

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Monocots: A group of flowering plants whose seeds typically have one cotyledon embryonic-leaf. Dicots: A group of flowering plants whose seeds typically have two cotyledons embryonic leaves. However, the term dicots is paraphyletic. Synteny: Physical co-localization of genetic loci in the same relative positions in two or more genomes.

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Sympodial branching: In this type of branching the shoot apex terminates in a flower and an axillary bud or buds continues growth of the inflorescence. The process is reiterated many times. Tomato wild relatives fall into two groups: red- or orange-fruited species such as S. Red-fruited species accumulate glucose and fructose, while the green-fruited species accumulate sucrose [ 42 ]. Traditionally, wild and cultivated tomatoes were grouped within the genus Lycopersicon in the Solanaceae.

However, molecular phylogenetic studies support placement of tomatoes in the genus Solanum [ 43 ]. Bevan M, Waugh R: Applying plant genomics to crop improvement. Genome Biol. The Arabidopsis Genome Initiative: Analysis of the genome sequence of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana.

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The Tomato Genome Consortium: The tomato genome sequence provides insights into fleshy fruit evolution. Nat Genet. Nat Biotechnol. The International Brachypodium Initiative: Genome sequencing and analysis of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Plant J.

Self incompatibility in plants and significance in plant breeding

Plant Physiol. Barakat A, Matassi G, Bernardi G: Distribution of genes in the genome of Arabidopsis thaliana and its implications for the genome organization of plants. Annu Rev Plant Biol.

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Curr Opin Plant Biol. J Exp Bot. Genome Mapping Mol Breeding Plants. Linkage Committee, "Linkage summary,". Tomato Genetics Cooperative.

The tomato genome: implications for plant breeding, genomics and evolution

Sol Genomics Network. Larry R, Joanne L: Genetic resources of tomato. Genetic Improvement of Solanaceous Crops. Enfield, NH. Am J Bot. BMC Plant Biol.

Eshed Y, Zamir D: An introgression line population of Lycopersicon pennellii in the cultivated tomato enables the identification and fine mapping of yield-associated QTL. Theor Appl Genet. Trends Plant Sci.

Biology and Breeding of Crucifers

Fridman E, Pleban T, Zamir D: A recombination hotspot delimits a wild-species quantitative trait locus for tomato sugar content to bp within an invertase gene. Monforte AJ, Tanksley SD: Development of a set of near isogenic and backcross recombinant inbred lines containing most of the Lycopersicon hirsutum genome in a L. Curr Genomics. PLoS Genet. Nucleic Acids Res. Nat Methods. BMC Res Notes. Plant Cell Physiol. The SOL sequencing project.

CGN crucifers collection - WUR

PLoS Comput Biol. Pu L, Brady S: Systems biology update: cell type-specific transcriptional regulatory networks. Download references. Correspondence to Neelima R Sinha. Reprints and Permissions. Search all BMC articles Search.

Instructions for Abstract Submission: Please prepare the abstract using this template and submit it to paola. Download Registration Form. Registration: 1 October — 9 February Zalucki uq. Crucifers such as cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, mustard, radish, and several leafy greens are economically important vegetables vital for human health. Crucifers also are capable of preventing different types of cancer.

The diamondback moth DBM , Plutella xylostella , is the most serious crucifer pest worldwide. In addition, head caterpillar Crocidolomia pavonana , web worm Hellula undalis , butterflies Pieris spp. Farmers prefer to use chemical pesticides for controlling this pest because they have an immediate knock-down effect and are easily available when needed in local markets. Search for related documents in the Guidance Document Repository. Familiarity is defined as the knowledge of the characteristics of a plant species and experience with the use of that plant species in Canada.

Substantial equivalence is defined as the equivalence of a novel trait within a particular plant species, in terms of its specific use and safety to the environment and human health, to those in that same species, that are in use and generally considered as safe in Canada, based on valid scientific rationale. The PNT s may be developed using traditional plant breeding techniques or other methodologies such as recombinant DNA technologies. Regulated field testing is necessary when PNT s are: 1 considered unfamiliar when compared with products already in the market; 2 not considered substantially equivalent to similar, familiar plant types already in use, and regarded as safe.

Biology and Breeding of Crucifers Biology and Breeding of Crucifers
Biology and Breeding of Crucifers Biology and Breeding of Crucifers
Biology and Breeding of Crucifers Biology and Breeding of Crucifers
Biology and Breeding of Crucifers Biology and Breeding of Crucifers
Biology and Breeding of Crucifers Biology and Breeding of Crucifers

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