New York: Oxford University. Clarke, Steve. The Justification of Religious Violence.
Collier, Paul. Ottawa: Lynne Rienner, pp. Fitzgerald, Timothy. London: Continuum. Fox, Jonathan. Fox, Jonathan and Shmuel Sandler eds. Bringing Religion Into International Relations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Freedland, Jonathan. Gray, Chris H. New York: The Guilford Press. Hasan, Mehdi. Haynes, Jeffrey.
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Religion and Development: Conflict or Cooperation? New York: Palgrave McMillan. Henne, Peter S. Connecting Scholars and Practitioners. Helm, Toby. Holms, Adam.
- Warfare in the Medieval World;
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- Religion and the New Wars Debate?
Huntington, Samuel P. Hurd, Elizabeth S. Princeton: Princeton University Press. The Politics of Secularism in International Relations. Husain, Ed and Ali Soufan. Religion, Conflict, and Geopolitics in Tony Blair Institute for Global Change. Institute for Global Change. Juergensmeyer, Mark. Berkeley: University of California Press. Terrorism and Political Violence 3 3 : — The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State.
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Amadora: Vogais. Szakolczai, Arpad. Thomas, Scott. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. Troy, Jodok. His research topics include political philosophy, religion and international relations, the Western Sahara conflict and international security. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Journal. Introduction Daily in the news media, one observes stamped headlines reaffirming the predicate of religion in the current international order: an institution or a system of creeds and rites which catalyses violence and propels much of contemporary irregular warfare.
To Juergensmeyer 17 , contemporary religious politics is the result of an almost Hegelian dialectics between two competing frameworks of social order: secular nationalism allied with the nation-state and religion allied with large ethnic communities, some of them transnational. The specific quality which opposes exclusionary, religious politics to cosmopolitan politics is summed up in the following argument: These backward-looking political projects arise in the vacuum created by the absence of forward-looking projects.
According to Jeffrey Haynes : 79 , Religion is focused on the absolute and unconditional and as a result can adopt totalitarian characteristics […] When claiming both absolute and exclusive validity religious conviction can lead to intolerance, over-zealous proselytization and religious fragmentation. In a similar analytical vein, Juergensmeyer : claims that violence is endemic to religious thought due to the very nature of religion, which is based on an attempt to impose order amidst chaos: […] there is sometimes the perception of an encounter between the two, order and disorder; it is a struggle that is frequently imagined as proceeding on a cosmic plane.
Commenting on religion and geopolitics in an opinion column on the website of the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change , Ed Husain and Ali Soufan are categorical in claiming that in the Middle East, Muslim-Majority states remain caught between conflicting interpretations of their Islamic foundations. Similarly, in an interview for Deutsche Welle , researcher Matthias Basedau claims that eight in every ten African conflicts have a religious dimension, where two types of religious conflicts must be distinguished: In inter-religious conflicts, the conflict parties differ in their religious affiliation —for example, Christians and Muslims […] This is different from theological conflicts which are mostly about religious ideas.
Critical literature of the New Wars In this section, we present the literature which criticises the New Wars paradigm. For him, the majority of analyses cannot account for how an ideology truly operates in articulating terrorist organisations and the way in which actors give meaning to their action: The ideas that influence terrorists emerge from local group discussions.
Religion and violence: the anatomy of a myth In the last section, we presented part of the literature which criticises the New Wars approach, introducing a more densely-oriented debate in sociological content which relativises more generic hypothesis on the role of religion in contemporary conflicts. In a similar deconstructive analysis, William Cavanaugh points out that There is no transhistorical and transcultural essence of religion, but at different times and places, and for different purposes, some things have been constructed as religion and some things have not […] Instead of searching […] for the timeless, transcultural essence of religion, therefore, let us ask why certain things are called religion under certain conditions.
One of the variables is the mensuration of whether a conflict is in fact religious: This variable codes a conflict as religious if the two groups involved are of different religions or if the description of the conflict provided with the State Failure data set describes the conflict as being between religious and secular elements in a state Fox a: Shop Textbooks. Add to Wishlist. USD Sign in to Purchase Instantly.
Temporarily Out of Stock Online Please check back later for updated availability. Overview Why has the turn of the twenty-first century been rocked by a new religious rebellion?
From al Qaeda to Christian militias to insurgents in Iraq, a strident new religious activism has seized the imaginations of political rebels around the world. Search the catalogue for collection items held by the National Library of Australia. Juergensmeyer, Mark. Global rebellion : religious challenges to the secular state from Christian militias to Al Qaeda.
He explores the new religious rebellions in their diversity - from American Christianity and Israeli Judaism to Indian Hinduism, Japanese Buddhism, and global Islamist jihad - in order to address some basic questions: Why are these rebellions religious? And why are they happening now? This book revises our notions of religious revolution and offers positive proposals for responding to it in ways that will diminish violence and lead to an accommodation between radical religion and the secular world.
Related Global Rebellion: Religious Challenges to the Secular State, from Christian Militias to al Qaeda
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